What is ADR?

What is ADR?

Alternative Dispute Resolutions ( ADR) refers to any recognized means of settling disputes outside the court / judicial system. This is why it is also referred as “Additional Dispute Resolutions” or “Appropriate Dispute Resolutions”. ADR comprises counseling, neutral evaluation, Negotiation, Mediation / Conciliation, Expert Determination, Arbitration and the emerging forms of Hybrid Dispute Resolutions ( HDR). HDR is nothing but a combination of various forms of ADR with or without the use of judicial system.  It is a voluntary process whereby the parties are themselves empowered to refer the disputes to the ADR professionals out of threats associated cost and penalties in judicial system. In case of the Mediation it is without prejudice, private and confidential and facilitative conducted by a series of joint meeting attended by mediator and parties. Often Mediator is acting like a diplomat. Reputations of the disputants are secured in ADR and relationship will survive in the end of ADR process. ADR modes are dynamic and changing to the requirements modern day, cutting across boundaries and limitations of jurisdictions and limitations set by the typical litigation law, and is gaining a worldwide reputation and has become a preferred mode of dispute resolution over and above the traditional litigation methods which are overburdened with backlogs of cases and caught within the walls of the archaic laws. ADR is collaborative and often a deal making exercise to eliminate risk of failures out of adverse litigation which runs into years. The latest is providing ADR services in online, as Online Dispute Resolutions ( ODR). ODR is nothing but the utilization of ADR system over the web. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_dispute_resolution.